201919th International Congress of Metrology
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Mechanical Quantities / Grandeurs Mécaniques|
|Published online||23 September 2019|
Microstructural and spectrophotometric analysis system for metal welding processes
INRiM - Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Strada Delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino TO, Italy
2 IRIS s.r.l., Via Papa Giovanni Paolo Secondo 26, 10092 Orbassano TO, Italy
3 CNR-IMAMOTER, Strada Delle Cacce 73, 10135 Torino TO, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
We describe an analysis system for some of the most important methods of metal welding, based on the acquisition, study and comparison of the atomic emission spectra (in the range from 250 nm to 830 nm), hyperspectral imaging between 600 nm and 950 nm wavelengths and microstructural analysis. The radiometric measurement system acquires information while the welding process is in progress and acquired data are then compared with those resulting from the subsequent microstructural analysis. It is known that the process parameters like, for example, the source power or its speed over the parts during welding, significantly affect the mechanical properties and quality of the resulting junction like hardness, porosity, presence of cracks or other damages and so on. On the other hand, these properties and, above all, the changes in the joint features due to unwanted variations in the process parameters or in the materials being welded, can be inferred by studying the microstructure. In this sense, a proper correlation between the in situ spectral analysis and the microstructural properties is of paramount importance for controlling and adjusting the parameters during the process. In line with the requirements of Industry 4.0, the system described is a study of the application of metrology in a production line, designed to increase information about the production parameters of mechanical industry without increasing costs and limiting the complexity of additional installations. In this paper we report a series of experiments performed using LASER and TIG welding systems applied to different metals. The comparison between the welding conditions acquired by the optical systems and the methods of structural analysis are the basis of a project to improve production systems and their automation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.